Asbestos is the name given to six minerals with long, thin fibers found naturally in rocks and soil. The word “asbestos” comes from the Greek word for “inextinguishable,” which refers to the material’s ability to withstand high temperatures.
Asbestos fibers have been used in a wide range of household, commercial, and industrial products throughout the years. When these fibers are inhaled or ingested, they can cause serious asbestos-related diseases such as mesothelioma, lung cancer, and asbestosis.
Despite its proven health hazards as a carcinogen, asbestos is still not banned in the United States. And for many years, asbestos companies knew of its danger but failed to warn people.
If you are concerned about asbestos in your home or at your work, there are steps you can take to protect yourself and your family. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with an asbestos disease, you should speak to an experienced asbestos attorney about your right to compensation.
Contact us today for free legal advice about your asbestos claim.
Types of Asbestos
There are six types of asbestos fibers, and they fall into two categories of silicate fibers: serpentine and amphibole asbestos. All types of asbestos cause mesothelioma and lung cancer. The types of asbestos include:
SERPENTINE & AMPHIBOLE
Chrysotile asbestos is the only type that falls into the serpentine mineral category.
- Found around the world, chrysotile asbestos comes from serpentinite rocks.
- Although it’s commonly known as white asbestos, chrysotile may also be gray, green, or yellow.
- The fibers are more flexible than the other types of asbestos, and they can be more than 10 centimeters long.
- These fibers curl around themselves, forming a spiral and leading to the name curly asbestos.
Chrysotile is the most common type of asbestos, found in 95 percent of the products made with asbestos in the United States. It’s most often found in outbuildings, warehouses, and garages.
Amosite asbestos, also known as brown asbestos, is made up of fibers that are long and straight.
It is considered somewhat acid-resistant and can be brown, ash gray, or greenish.
Crocidolite asbestos, also known as blue asbestos, is not as heat resistant as other types of the mineral but is more acid resistant.
It has fairly flexible fibers that are usually shorter and thinner than other types of asbestos in the amphibole category.
Anthophyllite asbestos is extremely acid resistant and may be grayish white, brownish gray, or green.
With short and brittle fibers, this type of asbestos is fairly rare. It is sometimes found in talc deposits.
Tremolite asbestos may be white or gray, and its brittle fibers are resistant to acids. Tremolite is an amphibole that can also occur in non-asbestos form.
Actinolite asbestos, a derivative of tremolite, has brittle fibers but is not resistant to acids. This type of amphibole also occurs in non-asbestos form. It may appear as pale to dark green.
The different characteristics of the various types of asbestos led to them being used in a wide variety of products, from construction materials to automotive parts, laboratory equipment, shipbuilding materials, and fabric. Chrysotile, anthophyllite, amosite, and crocidolite asbestos have all been used commercially.
How to Identify Asbestos
Asbestos was widely used in many products and building materials during much of the 20th century. In fact, 33 million houses and businesses in the United States contain asbestos, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.
You may be able to identify asbestos materials by looking at them with the naked eye, but a qualified professional with federal government training or certification courses can take a sample of the material and examine it with a special microscope to confirm it’s asbestos.
Asbestos at Home
Because asbestos was used in so many building materials and common household products, many homes built before the 1980s contain asbestos. People who live in older homes, as well as those who work on renovations, repairs, and demolition, may be exposed to the dangerous fibers when asbestos-containing materials are disturbed.
Some of the common asbestos-containing materials found in the home, according to This Old House, include:
- Insulation on boilers and pipes
- Blown-in attic insulation
- Vinyl floor tiles, glue, and some types of linoleum
- Caulking and glazing on windows
- Siding (including fiber cement siding)
- Plaster and joint compound
- Corrugated, heavy-duty 8’x4′ panels
- Ceiling tiles
If you suspect materials in your home contain asbestos, do not disturb them (such as by scraping, sanding, or sawing). Contact an asbestos removal professional to discuss what you should do to protect your health.
Asbestos at Work
Many people who are diagnosed with asbestos diseases such as mesothelioma were exposed to the dangerous material at work. Still today, workers run the risk of exposure without proper protection from their employers.
The most common civilian occupations with asbestos exposure include:
- Shipyard Workers
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration now mandates safety standards to protect workers from asbestos health hazards. Employers must provide protective equipment and regulate the area. If workers are exposed, they must be monitored for health effects.
Unfortunately, these types of asbestos safety regulations have not always been in place. For decades, people worked with cancer-causing asbestos materials with no protection. Disturbingly, asbestos companies knew of the danger workers were facing but failed to warn them.
Workers’ family members also risked secondhand exposure to take-home asbestos, which was transferred on workers’ clothing, skin, or hair to the home and then inhaled by others in the household.
Asbestos Exposure Among Veterans
Asbestos was widely used in equipment on Navy ships, Army tanks, and Air Force aircraft. Now, thousands of veterans and civilian workers are suffering from asbestos-related diseases, including the asbestos cancer mesothelioma, lung cancer, and asbestosis.
Military veterans, in particular Navy veterans, account for more than one-third of the 3,000 cases of malignant mesothelioma reported each year in the United States. Because the disease has a long incubation period (as long as 60 years), many older veterans are just now showing symptoms of asbestos illnesses.
Veterans who have been diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma and other asbestos diseases should speak to an experienced attorney about their options for compensation. You would not be suing the military or former commanding officers. Rather, veterans can pursue compensation from the companies that sold asbestos products to the military.
How to Prevent Exposure to Asbestos
If you’re not sure whether something contains asbestos, assume it does until it is evaluated by a professional. If you are at work, report suspected asbestos as soon as possible to the health and safety representative or your employer. If you suspect material in your home contains asbestos, contact an asbestos abatement professional.
If asbestos is found, two types of actions may be recommended:
- Containment, which is when professionals seal or cover the asbestos-containing material
- Removal, which is usually the preferred correction and should only be done by a qualified professional
There is no safe level of asbestos exposure, so don’t risk trying to remove asbestos materials on your own. Hire a qualified contractor to perform this job to avoid causing any exposure to your family or to workers. Find an asbestos removal professional near you.
What should I do if I have been around asbestos?
Although asbestos is extremely dangerous, not everyone who is exposed will suffer from an asbestos illness. If you suspect you were exposed, the best course of action is to schedule an appointment with your doctor to discuss it.
Your doctor might recommend you get regular chest X-rays, CT scans, and lung function tests. Although there is no test for asbestos exposure, regular monitoring can help detect any signs of lung disease early.
Asbestos Lawsuits and Legal Help
Have you or a family member been diagnosed with mesothelioma, lung cancer, or another asbestos illness? If so, you may be entitled to compensation.
Let us connect you with a respected asbestos attorney who can review your case and discuss all your options. This may include pursuing a claim through an asbestos bankruptcy trust fund, filing an asbestos lawsuit, and/or filing for government benefits, such as VA benefits.
Do not worry about how much it costs to hire an asbestos attorney. Our lawyers will provide a free consultation and will not charge anything unless and until they secure compensation for you.
- IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Asbestos (Chrysotile, Amosite, Crocidolite, Tremolite, Actinolite and Anthophyllite)
- National Institutes of Health First Annual Report on Carcinogens: Asbestos, CAS No. 1332-21-4
- American Cancer Society: Asbestos and Cancer Risk
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD)
- Occupational Safety & Health Administration: Asbestos
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Asbestos
- Occupational Health and Safety Administration: Asbestos
- Australian Department of Health: Chrysotile
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Asbestos
- Consumer Product Safety Commission: Asbestos in the Home
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Protect Your Family from Asbestos-Contaminated Vermiculite Insulation
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and National Institutes of Health, 12th Report on Carcinogens (RoC)
- This Old House: Identifying Asbestos