Biopsy procedures remove tissue or cell samples for laboratory analysis. If you’re experiencing signs and symptoms of mesothelioma, your doctor may order a biopsy to determine whether you in fact have the disease. Biopsy procedures include:
Thoracoscopy: During a thoracoscopy (a pleural biopsy), you’ll be put under general anesthesia and several small incisions will be made in your side. Through one of the holes will be inserted a thoracoscope (a thin, flexible tube like instrument with a light and camera attached) that allows your lungs to be seen on a video monitor. Through the other incisions, surgical tools are inserted and used to collect tissue samples that are then looked at under a microscope.
Laparoscopy: A laparoscopic biopsy is a way to collect a tissue sample when it’s suspected that a patient has peritoneal mesothelioma. After the patient is put under general anesthesia, the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdominal wall. A laparoscope (a long, thin tube with a light and camera at the end) that allows the physician to see the peritoneal area on a monitor is inserted through one of the incisions. With a clear view of the region, biopsy samples are obtained and sent for laboratory analysis.
Bronchoscopy: A bronchoscopy does not involve making any incisions in the patient’s body. Rather, a flexible lighted tube with a camera (bronchoscope) is inserted down into the lung region through the mouth and used to look for abnormal areas in the airways. The bronchoscope may also have a tool to remove tissue samples for testing. Because this type of cancer doesn’t develop in the airways, a bronchoscope with an ultrasound device is used to find out if the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes in a procedure known as endobronchial ultrasound needle biopsy.
Mediastinoscopy: A mediastinoscopy is a procedure to check for cancer that’s spread to lymph nodes in the mediastinum, an area in the center of your chest. The procedure involves making a small incision at the base of the neck and examining the mediastinum with a special type of endoscope. Special instruments are then used to collect tissue samples for testing.
Diagnosis Statistics and Life Expectancy
Improvements in current treatments have provided patients with a more favorable life expectancy for people now being diagnosed with mesothelioma. Diagnosing the type and the stage of a person’s cancer is in, is very important to determine the patients life expectancy. Many factors can affect survival, such as a person’s age and overall health, the treatment received, and how well the cancer responds to treatment. The American Cancer Society provides some statistics about survival rates on patients diagnosed with mesothelioma.
Life Expectancy Statistics
You might also like reading