Dr. Bains has spent 40 years as a thoracic surgeon at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and has treated thousands of patients suffering from lung, mesothelioma, and esophageal cancers. He is a member of the Thoracic Disease Management Team at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, where he has developed techniques to treat thoracic malignancies, including chest wall reconstruction with methyl methacrylate prosthesis.
He has contributed to more than 150 journal articles on the role of multimodality therapy in thoracic malignancies.
He has held an appointment at Weill Cornell Medical College as Professor of Clinical Cardiothoracic Surgery. Among his honors are honorary fellowships of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Surgeons and the 2007 Weill Cornell Medical College Excellence in Teaching Award.
The professional societies he belongs to include the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, the American Surgical Association, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the International College of Surgeons, and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.